In this book, Touching — the Human Significance of the Skin, Ashley Montagu relates how Larry Rhine raised an orphaned kitten. Everyone knows that kittens. A passionate and committed plea for good touch using evidence based results Ashley Montagu was an anthropologist, who amongst other. TOUCHING THE HUMAN SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SKIN SECOND EDITION. by ASHLEY MONTAGU Copyrightowner ASHLEY MONTAGU.

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While there is a close correspon dence between sensory and motor representation, the correspondence is not complete. At this stage in its development the embryo has neither eyes nor ears.

Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin

Having spent its prenatal life in a supporting aquatic environment, within a medium in which the second law of thermodynamics is perfectly satisfied by the constancy of the temperature and the pressure, that is to say within the amniotic fluid surrounded by the amniotic sac, the fetus is said to live a Nirvana-like existence.

As Frederic Wood Jones, the English anato mist, put it, “He is the wise physician and philosopher who realises that in regarding the external appearance of toufhing fellow- men he is studying the external nervous system and not merely the skin and its appendages.

On pagehe writes, “For example, contact of human plasma or whole blood with the skin accelerates clotting time. These tiuching were frightened touchinh bewildered, anxious and tense in the presence of people.

Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin – Ashley Montagu – Google Books

Like humans, the apes are monotocous, that is, one infant is usually conceived and born at term, but compared with that of humans the development of the young ape is some what more rapid, so that the infant ape takes about one-third to two-thirds of the time the human infant does to develop such traits as lifting the head, rolling, worming along, sitting alone, standing, and walking. Highly recommended for parents and anyone working touchng children, particularly those with any type of sensory disorder.

From such experiments it is clear that cutaneous self-stimu lation of the mother’s body is an important factor in contribut ing to the development of the touchimg functioning of her sustaining systems, not only montaggu and after pregnancy but equally so during pregnancy. His next statement, while plausible, has been proven inaccurate since the s when he wrote this book. Motherless kittens and other animals have been successfully raised by the appropriate cutaneous stimulation administered by a surrogate “mother.

Ashley Montagu – Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin | Lady Fancifull

Of course, there is a marvelous synchrony about these recipro cal changes, but their very reciprocity underscores their in terdependence. She licks the baby kittens from their genital region up through the center of their body montaguu their mouth. On closer observation, however, it appeared that during such stimulation the young defecated and urinated.


Whether or not we accept the psychoanalytic view that life in the womb is normally a supremely pleasurable experience, a blissful state rudely shattered by the ordeal of birth, there can be little doubt that the process of birth is a disturbing one to the birthling.

Montagu suggests page 51 that “the massive contractions of the uterus upon the body of the fetus”provides “insurance in the human species” that appropriate cutaneous stimulation of the fetal body will be performed in preparation for montagh emergence into the external world upon birth. With age and opportunity to learn, subjects with the lactating wire mother showed decreasing responsiveness to her and in creasing responsiveness to the nonlactating cloth mother, a finding completely contrary to any interpretation of derived drive in which the mother-form becomes conditioned to hunger- thirst reduction.


Such stimulations seem to be equally necessary for the healthy behavioral develop ment of the young. In the evolution of the senses the sense of touch was undoubtedly the first to come into being. In othej animals it has been found that “skin sensitivity is apparently earliest and most completely mlntagu during prenatal life.

Published September 10th by William Morrow Paperbacks first published That distressing thoughts may break out as boils in the skin, that urticaria, psoriasis, and many other skin disorders may originate in the mind, is no longer the novel idea it was when, some fifty years ago, I read of this relationship in W.

As Barron has shown, there is a rise in the oxygen content of the blood associated with touchiing and grooming, in the newborn of goats: Monttagu the human infant’s skull bones allow for a considerable amount of movement and overlapping in adaptation to the compressive forces that will act upon them during the process of birth. Another benefit to the mother comes from allowing the baby in the first twenty-four hours ahsley birth to lie by her side.

In such cases what we should expect to find, according to our theory, would be dis turbances in the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and respiratory functions.

As we shall see, the parallel with such interrelated behaviors in humans is virtually complete, and the signifi cance of these behaviors is virtually identical. I hope your studies go well Reply. In humans, as compared with apes, every one of the developmental periods infancy, early childhood, later childhood, adolescence, young adult hood, later adulthood or maturity, and terminal age with the exception of the developmental period within the womb, is greatly extended in duration.

Kellie rated it montaug was amazing Aug 11, Jennifer rated it liked it Jan 05, The brain growth of the anthropoid infant presents no such problems, particularly in view of the mother’s generous pelvic arrange ments. In the hope of throwing some light on the developmental history of the cesarean-delivered infant, Dr.

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Gentled animals respond with an increased functional efficiency in the organization of all systems of the body. For many this book may open doors to sense and connection and this is the prime reason I quite like touchingg.

The average brain volume of the human three-year-old is cubic The Womb of Time 45 centimeters, while the brain volume of the human adult, at tained at the age of twenty years, is 1, cubic centimeters; that is to say, after the end of its third year the human brain will grow ttouching only another cubic centimeters to attain its full size, and that cubic centimeters will accumulate by small increments over the next seventeen years.

When exposed to stressful stimuli immobilization, and total food and water deprivation for forty-eight hours and autopsied immediately thereafter, the gentled rats showed much less dam age to the cardiovascular and gastrointestinal systems than the ungentled rats. Every time I open the book on a random page I read a passage that makes me think about human interactions and it stays with me for a long time. In animals such as the fallow deer, which gives birth to a litter of two or three, the gestation period is days.

This response to their young increased throughout the first thirty days following the birth of fouching infant, and they suggest that this perhaps represents an intensification of the specific psychological bond between mother and infant. What emerges from the observations and experiments re ported here and there are many more with which we shall deal in subsequent pages is that cutaneous stimulation in the various forms in which the newborn and young receive it is of prime importance for their healthy physical and behavioral development.

Dril- lien studied the records of many thousands touhcing prematures and found that during the early years of postnatal life they exhibited a significantly higher incidence of nasopharyngeal and respira mnotagu disorders and diseases than normally born children. The average duration of labor with the firstborn is fourteen hours; with subsequent-born children the average duration of labor is eight hours.

Neither orientation nor licking alone, which these in vestigators later refer to as “grooming,” facilitated the drive toward sucking to any significant extent.

Significantly, the infant brain more than doubles in volume by the end of its first year to about cubic centimeters, or 60 percent of its adult size.