The tree produces a very popular fruit as well as having a wide range of local medicinal uses and a good quality wood. It is widely cultivated in tropical regions . Chrysophyllum cainito is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. The plant is. One of the relatively minor fruits of the family Sapotaceae, the star apple or goldenleaf tree, Chrysophyllum cainito L. (syn. Achras caimito Ruiz & Pavon), has.

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Latex seeping from an immature fruit Photograph by: Don’t need the entire report? Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata.

Ceratitis rosa Natal fruit fly. Grown as an ornamental for the attractive golden underside to the leaves. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A sweet flavour[ ].

Chrysophyllum cainito

The leaves are used in the treatment of wounds and hypoglycaemia. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. The skin is rich in latex, and both it and the rind are not edible. Last update on Cainito pomiferum Tussac Chrysophyllum bicolor Poir. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.


Deep mulching with straw or lawn clippings, application of fertilizer and frequent dry-season chrysopyhllum all seem necessary for success with this species[ ]. Tannins are extracted from the bark[ ].

Chrysophyllum cainito Star Apple, Caimito PFAF Plant Database

In Nigeria, it is called Agbalumo or Udara, and it’s usually orange in colour C. The tree is also hermaphroditic self-fertile. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Cainito pomiferum Tussac Chrysophyllum bicolor Poir. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals. Fruits from several cultivars Photograph by: The fruit also exists in three colors, dark purple, greenish brown and yellow.

A decoction of the tannin-rich, astringent bark is drunk as a tonic and stimulant, and is taken to halt diarrhoea, dysentery and haemorrhages, and as a treatment for gonorrhoea and catarrh of the bladder[]. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. Forest and Kim Starr.

Chrysophyllum oliviforme Satin Leaf Tree. It prefers moist soil. Grafted plants can start to fruit in 2 – 4 years[ ]. It is given as a treatment for diabetes mellitus, and as a decoction is gargled to relieve angina[ ]. The bitter, pulverized seed is taken as a caiito, diuretic and febrifuge[ ].

Star Apple

Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Star Apple Chrysophyllum cainito is a tropical, slow-growing evergreen tree that is usually about chrysopyhllum m tall and m wide.

Once the tree is established, growth rate and development become more rapid. The cuttings taken from mature stems root well[ ], when placed over strong moist heat[ ]. The fruits are oval shaped, purple when ripe, and smooth skinned.


Fruit cut open to show why it is called a star apple Photograph by: Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Star apple flowers are hermaphrodite, and the plants are usually self-fertile[ ]. Star Apple Chrysophyllum cainito. Trees take about 5 – 10 years to produce fruit from seed[]. Native to tropical America, from the Caribbean through Central America. Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines.

Fertile, well drained and slightly acid soils are ideal for good growth, though the hcrysophyllum can succeed on almost all types of soil[ ].

Humid woodlands at low to medium elevations[ ]. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below.

Chrysophyllum cainito – Useful Tropical Plants

Pulp is soft and sweet. If the dry period is most pronounced, undue loss of leaves and less juicy or even shrivelled fruit are evident, which indicates that the drought is too severe and irrigation is needed[ ]. The skin needs to be removed since biting into it leaves a horrible stickiness in the mouth[ ].