Reconsidering the. Robustness of. Authoritarianism in the Middle East. Lessons from the Arab Spring. Eva Bellin. Valeriia Gladkaia, učo Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Lessons Author Eva Bellin; Book or Journal Comparative Politics; Vol. ROA is still valid in explaining the Arab Spring. “the coercive apparatus capacity and will + the level of political mobilization are decisive”.

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You can filter on reading intentions from the listas well as view them within your profile. In particular, scholars generally agree that security institutions like Arab ones make decisions based on calculated, strategic interests.

Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Lessons from the Arab Spring

There are also some lessons to be understood from works on civil-military relations. At the same time, the trajectory of the Arab Spring highlights an empirical novelty for the Arab world, namely, the manifestation ofhuge, cross-class, popular protest in the name of political change, as well as a new factor that abetted the materialization of this phenomenon—the spread of social media.

In both Egypt and Tunisia, the two bodies have continually fought for limited state financial resources. Armies and internal security forces.

Conversely, the entrenchment of the Interior Ministry and police is reinforced by the immediate aftermath of the revolts. Between Domestic and External Challenges. Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Monday 31 December Table 1 Distribution of defense budget under Ben Ali [28] The Tunisian military felt it had not received sufficient material to carry out its mandate [29] and needed more basic comfort and amenities like sleeping bags for its troops. In fact, common arguments like empathy with the protesting masses or political grievances against the regime could apply to riot police as much as soldiers in tanks.


Sectarianism and coup-proofing strategies in Bahrain. It could be argued that this allocation was not anomalous since the Tunisian military was smaller and tasked with limited roles like disaster relief and border patrolling.

In fewer words, a history of inter-organ competition followed by a unique revonsidering of regime weakness persuades one party—in this case, the army—to defect. People studying for PhDs or in postdoctoral postdoc positions. Please see the “Submission Guidelines” tab for further information.

Read about how we use cookies. Setup a permanent sync to delicious. From This Paper Figures, tables, and topics from this paper. The Yale Review of Robusyness Studies.

Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Midd by Magdolin Harmina on Prezi

However, the internal variation in regime collapse and survival observed in the region confirms earlier analyses that the comportment of the coercive apparatus, especially its varying will to repress, is pivotal to determining the durability of the authoritarian regimes. Citations Publications citing this paper. Search all the public and authenticated articles in CiteULike. In Tunisia, an epochal example of this is the Barakat Al-Sahil affair.

Third Place — Repatriating Machu Picchu: Hte and Revolution Next: In ways, defection was a zero-sum game—the losses involved in sticking with the Ministry relative to the risks of defection losing the already meager economic livelihood and potential rejection robustnezs outrage were less.

To set a reading intention, click through to any list item, and look for the panel on the left hand side:. In some cases, the regime deliberately orchestrated the rift e. For Whom the Bell Tolls: Include unauthenticated results too may include “spam” Enter a search phrase. You must be logged in to post a comment. Accessed February 28, This paper aims to keep the lack of sectarianism constant across cases because sectarian reasons add a whole new dimension to the decision-making calculus.


Briefly, the events unfolded in this order. In fact, the affair explains the anomalous 9. You can also specify a CiteULike article id. The Yale Review of International Studies is an undergraduate journal dedicated to publishing both opinion and long-form scholarship on contemporary global issues: Papers received outside of official solicitation periods will be marked for consideration in the next issue for which they are eligible.

Nassif effectively summarizes the polarizing implications of this event: Although China is not part of the Middle East, reconsiddring provides a worthwhile comparison in two ways. First, we will consider the clash of interests between the army and the Interior Ministry to illustrate how a legacy of distrust split the military and internal organizations. Armed Forces reconsdiering the Middle East London: In addition, militaries and security agencies considered the extent of their own dependency on the regime and their ability to exist and tje without it.

On the other hand, the Ministry felt the opposite about its own subordinates who only stood to lose if they defected and were seemingly desensitized to recknsidering brutality. About YRIS The Yale Review of International Studies is an undergraduate journal dedicated to publishing both opinion and long-form scholarship on contemporary global issues: