and Alan Lomax have given me permission to quote from unpublished manuscripts of .. culture” (Merriam, ), but it is important that this definition be Le g^nealogie des instruments de musique et les cycles de civilisation. Archives. Alan Parkhurst Merriam (1 November – 14 March ) was an American cultural anthropologist and ethnomusicologist. He is known for his studies of. Antropologia della musica by Alan P. Merriam, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

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Another aspect of ethnomusicology which Merriam sought to make clear in The Anthropology of Music is the overarching goal of the field of ethnomusicology. Ethnomusicologists American anthropologists American Africanists births deaths People from Missoula, Montana Victims of aviation accidents or incidents in Poland Guggenheim Fellows 20th-century musicologists.

Merriam’s initial work was based on fieldwork carried out in his native Montana and central Africa. He undertook extensive field research among the Flathead Indians of Montana in for his PhD and again in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thirty-One Issues and Concepts, He is known for his studies of music in Native America and Africa.

Alan P. Merriam – Wikipedia

Articulating this relationship, Merriam states. In his own writings, he emphasizes the application of data gathered in the field to solving relevant musical problems and how such application is motivated by the approach and goal of the researcher. Merriam had, like all ethnomusicologists, completed fieldwork in his area of interest, but he was characterized by his peers in ethnomusicology as being more scientific and focusing on drawing conclusion from data.

Alan Parkhurst Merriam 1 November — 14 March was an American cultural anthropologist and ethnomusicologist. Many ethnomusicologists, Merriam asserts, are under the impression that the music of many non-western cultures are either abused or neglected, and that they are worthy of appreciation in western society the same way western music is appreciated. This definition embodies the purpose of the entirety of The Anthropology of Music, being that ethnomusicology is not weighed further in favor of the ethnological or musicological, but instead an inseparable amalgamation of the two.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Born to a highly musical household in Missoula, Montana, Merriam began studying piano and clarinet at a young age. Due to its nature as a field at the intersection of several disciplines, ethnomusicology takes on many forms and is viewed through many lenses, highly dependent on the goals and background of the ethnomusicologist.

This page was last edited on 2 Decemberat Merriam claims the goals of ethnomusicology cannot be realized by considering music to be an object separate from the humans which make it, and therefore argues for the sake of an anthropology of music. Our science, therefore, investigates all tribal and folk music and every kind of non-Western art music.

Alan P Merriam

A member of the musicology school of ethnomusicology, Hood was known for initiating an important ethnomusicology graduate program at UCLA. His antropllogia was the Chairman of the English department at Montana State University, and his mother was a highly skilled cellist.

Although he taught at Northwestern University and University of Wisconsinthe majority of his academic career was spent at Indiana University where he was named a professor in and then chairman of the anthropology department from towhich became a leading center of ethnomusicology research under musiac guidance.

Neither should be considered as an end in itself; the two must be joined into a wider understanding. Views Read Edit View history.

Alan P. Merriam

This definition of ethnomusicology comes in response to a number of other important ethnomusicology authors, such as Jaap Kunst, who defined ethnomusicology via the types of music studied in the field. On People Changing Their Music.

During his younger years, Merriam performed in numerous school bands and local dance orchestras.

Thirty-One Issues and Concepts The Continuity of change: Retrieved from ” https: His program emphasized learning to listen and hear without prejudice or ethnocentricity, rhythmic and tonal fluency outside of the Western tradition, and performance experience in non-Western vocal and instrumental performance with the last being what his program is most known for. Hood was more interested in creating a graduate student body that could accomplish the egalitarian purpose of ethnomusicology in spreading world musics and preserving them.


A Discussion and Definition of the Field. Merriam is characterized by a drive to solve relevant problems using data gathered in the field hands-on. He edited the Newsletter of the Society for Ethnomusicology from toand he edited the journal Ethnomusicology from to This simplified model was used by Rice as a foil to the method he was proposing, consistently referencing how his model furthered things accomplished by the Merriam model.

Merriam divides his stated goals of ethnomusicology into three different approaches, the first being the appreciation of the music of other cultures.

Along with the musicology school, these two factions of ethnomusicology make up a large population in the world of ethnomusicology and they are often at odds. I do not deny the contribution of such a specialist in the past, nor in the future, but his role is becoming progressively smaller, and rightly so, musicq method and theory are inseparable in the gathering of data, and the descriptive antropolobia of our study in which we treat simply structural facts is giving way before the broader interpretations.

The New York Times. Human behavior produces music, but the process is one of continuity; the behavior itself is shaped to produce music sound, and thus the study of one flows into the other”.

The purpose of this book is to create a better understanding of the anthropological aspects of music, defining ethnomusicology as not the study of the music of non-western cultures, but instead as the study of the relationship which music bears to society.

University of Illinois Press. HerskovitsRichard A. An individual that stood as a foil to him was his fellow ethnomusicologist, Mantle Hood.