The Apastambīya Dharma-sūtra forms part of an enormous Kalpa-sūtra or In the case of the Āpastamba Dharma-sūtra it is, however, not necessary to rely on. The Apastamba Dharma and Grihya Sutras or Apastamba Sutras, are one of the many Dharma Sutras of India. They were followed mostly in South India. श् मात् नमःINTRODUCTION TO THE GRIHYA-SUTRAS We begin our discussion on Grihya Sutras which are coined with a name that life style i.

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Burnell, Tanjore Catalogue, p. For forty-eight years if he learns all the four Vedas Apastamba holds in several cases doctrines which are of a later origin than those held by Baudhayana. He shall salute an officiating priest, a father-in-law, a father’s brother, and a mother’s brother, [though they may be] younger than he himself, and [when saluting] rise to meet them.

Let him initiate a person desirous of excellence in sacred learning in his seventh year, 21 And what else of this kind is ordained. Enjoyments taken unrighteously he shall give up; he shall say, ‘I and sin do not dwell together.


Their position in Vedic literature, however, except as far as Apqstamba, Harita, and Svetaketu are concerned, is difficult to define, and the occurrence of their names throws less light on the antiquity of the Apastamblya school than might be expected. In either case so late a date as B.

This is Professor Aufrecht’s opinion, Catalogus Catalogorum, p. Other commentators explain the term differently. The Manes of the ancestors of that man who spurns such food, do not eat his oblations for fifteen years, nor does the fire carry his offerings to the gods.


And the teacher shall not speak of the goods of the pupil with the intention to obtain them.

After midnight he may teach. After the lapse of the sixteenth year, the expiation becomes also necessary. A sudra and an outcast are [included by the term] burial-ground, [and the rule given, Sutra 6, applies to them]. If the master [is not honoured apastambs a seat and] stands, the [student] shall not sit down. Other acts besides those enumerated are causes of impurity. The last part of the Sutra may also be interpreted: One shall be very attentive the whole day long, never allowing the mind to wander from the lesson during the [time devoted to] studying.


Or three quarters less i. The bearing of the occurrence of Svetaketu’s name will be discussed below. The word ‘austerity’ [must be appastamba to apply] to [the observance of] the rules [of studentship]. Or one may rise silently.

II, 5, 13, For the wife is also a cause of the birth of the son sugra, and she is guiltless. But when the penance has been performed, he may eat in that house.

I, 20 and 27; Weber. He may also bathe after having kept the student’s vow for forty-eight, thirty-six or twenty-four years, though he may not have mastered the Veda.

Amongst birds that feed thrusting forward their beak, the heron, called Plava or Sakatabila, must not be eaten. The rules, which seemingly enjoin a pupil to stay with one and the same teacher, refer only to the principle, that the pupil must stay with his teacher, until he has learnt the subject which he began with him. He shall not eat in the house of a relation within six degrees where a person has died, before the ten days of impurity have elapsed.


The age of 16 in the case of Brahmanas is the latest age until which the ceremony may be deferred, in case of incapacity for study only. Taken by itself this agreement does not prove much, as it may be explained in various ways.

The twenty-sixth section gives the Mantras or Vedic prayers and formulas for the Grihya rites, the ceremonies for which the sacred domestic or Grihya fire is required, and the twenty-seventh the rules for the performance of the latter 4. For as many years as there are uninitiated persons, reckoning [one year] for each ancestor [and the person to be initiated himself], saptabhih pavamanTbhir “yad anti yac ca duraka” iti etdbhir yajus pavitrena sdma pavitrena-dhgirasena-iti 1 1 2 1 1 2.

If [in talking], drops [of saliva] are perceived to fall from his month, then he shall sip water. Therefore Apastamba says, Sutra 6, — ‘But some,’ etc.

The Apastamba Sutras – Prasna I

But if [a teacher], in front of his [student], touches the feet of any other persons, then he [the student also] must touch their feet, [as long as he is] in that [state of student- ship]. The last condition mentioned in the Sutra indicates, that the place must have a river or tank, not wells only, as the purification by sipping water acamanam cannot be performed without help, with water from wells.

Among the southern land-grants there are several on which the name of the school appears.