An Open Letter to Boris Souvarine. Souvarine says he wants to “examine the facts from a Marxist viewpoint”. But from a Marxist viewpoint, such general and. : Stalin: A Critical Survey of Bolshevism (): Boris Souvarine: Books. Biography. Boris Souvarine. Jean‐Louis Panné. Pages Published online: 12 Nov Download citation ·

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Boris Souvarine – IMDb

He delivered the reports on souvvarine current situation and the tasks of the Party, the work of the International Socialist Bureau, and took part in the discussions. In Novemberwhen our Party called for a split with the opportunists[4] declaring that the split was the only correct and fitting reply to their betrayal in Augustto many that seemed to be a piece of insensate sectarianism coming from men who had completely lost all contact with real life.

Until the end of his life, he loved to argue, as his later controversy with Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn demonstrates, however, with time he became evermore bitter and acidic. What are the causes of the war? The Third International will enable the proletariat to rid itself of opportunists and will lead the masses to victory in the maturing and approaching social revolution. I must apologise for having dwelt at such length on our relations with Trotsky and Martov, but the French socialist press refers to this quite frequently souuvarine the information it gives its readers is often very inaccurate.

Boris Souvarine Papers consist in personal archives and collection materials of French communist Boris Souvarinewho bequeathed it to the Graduate Institute wouvarine with a part of his personal library.

It summed up a whole historical period of struggle against the Mensheviks, consolidated the victory of the Bolsheviks and expelled the Menshevik liquidators from the Party. But since when have revolutionaries made their policies dependent on whether they are in a majority or minority?

Whatever his political position, he always defended it passionately. The book came out in mid-June The Second International has outlived itself. The genuine revolutionary internationalists are numeric ally weak? In he was allowed to leave the army, after his only brother had been killed in action. Wijnkoop and Henriette Roland-Holst. He became associated with the communist opposition against Stalin. Due to lack of substantive evidence, he is released shortly after with Fernand Loriot and Pierre Monatte, who are all acquitted in March I am prepared to wager that they will not, for they know only too well that if they make such a statement, they will become a laughing stock in the eyes of the workers, they will be jeered at and driven out of the socialist parties.


Look at America—apart from everything else a neutral country. The Berlin, Bremen and Stuttgart organisations have even been accorded the honour of being expelled from the party Apparently he has forgotten that when they wrote their famous Communist Manifesto inMarx and Engels likewise addressed revolutionary appeals to the German workers from abroad!

The family language having changed from Russian to French shortly after their move to Paris, Souvarine learned or re-learned Russian on his own while doing his obligatory military service on the eve of the First World War.

Member of the Third Communist International from tohe was one of the founders of the French Communist Party, before he was expelled from it in Jameswho translated his Stalin biography into English. Mobilised as part of the French army inhe quickly discovered the horrors of Trench warfare and in Marchlost his older brother who died fighting on the front-line. Every war is only the continuation of policy.

The Graduate Institute, Geneva – The Library – Boris Souvarine Papers

His concerns about the future of the revolution also differed from those of many other communists, particularly those in Russia. What are its aims? It was then too that he agreed to write much of a book published under the name of Panait Istrati, a writer who had originally sympathized with the Soviet experience but had recently returned from the Soviet Union completely disenchanted.

During the First World War was controlled by the socialist Right wing and followed a chauvinist policy. Judging from his correspondence, the transformation began in the mids, a period of political reconfiguration but also of personal anguish connected with the illness and death of his companion, the writer Colette Peignot, who had also financed La Critique sociale until, according to Souvarine, the publisher had stolen her capital.

Even as the French party acknowledged his brilliance as a journalist and his ability as a polemicist, it accused him of being an authoritarian autocrat, infatuated with himself. Our Party is not afraid to declare publicly that it will sympathise with wars or uprisings which Ireland might start against England; Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia against France; Tripoli against Italy; the Ukraine, Persia, China against Russia, etc.


Leon Trotsky, whom only Souvarine had openly defended at the congress, avoided public references to his supporter. The Prague Conference was of great international significance. By that time the war had siuvarine. The book has now been translated into eight languages.

Should you object that this is utopian, I will answer that the bourgeoisie of France, England, etc.

Local Party organisations rallied still closer round the Party on the basis of the Conference decisions. With regard to them we demand not merely struggle, but a split.

From Communism to Anti-Communism

Souvarine was involved in a variety of organizations and journals of the anti-Stalinist left in France, publishing frequently on the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, and Stalinism. They were both exiles, sometime Marxists who declined to acknowledge that they had renounced completely that heritage, nostalgic of Russia and ferociously anti-Soviet.

Reflecting his continued faith in communism, in DecemberSouvarine made a formal request, that was denied, to be readmitted into the Executive Committee of the Comintern. What would remain I ask you, comrades, of international solidarity? The Library also wishes to express special thanks to Professor Joseph C. After his return to France inand with the help of Jacques Chevallierhe recreated the Institut d’Histoire Sociale.

Boris Souvarine Papers

Several years later, however, these few, this allegedly negligible minority, led the masses, millions and tens of millions of people. Only months later, in earlydid he return to France. Liebich, Andre, From the Other Shore: First souvarinw in full in Russian in the magazine Proletarskaya Revolutsia No.

This leads me to the question of a split, raised also by Souvarine. The split in the R. Serge’s defense of Souvarine and other anti-stalinists who deviated from Trotsky’s positions was among the factors that led to distrust between Serge obris Trotsky.