There is No Software. Friedrich Kittler. Grammatologies of the present time have to start with a rather sad statement. The bulk of written texts – including this text. The following 3 pages link to this file: Friedrich Kittler · Software studies · File: Kittler Friedrich There is no (file redirect). A few years ago, the literary and media historian Friedrich Kittler opened an essay called “There Is No Software” with a “rather sad statement.” In his view, “the .

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That is why the unpronounceable acronym WP, this posthistoric revocation of a fundamental Greek innovation, is not only necessary, but amply sufficient for postmodern wordprocessing. The same argument would hold against DOS which, in the final analysis, resolves into an extension of the basic input and output system called BIOS.

All physically feasible machines, in contrast, are limited by these parameters in their very code. This is relevant from a perspective of languages, and Kittler suggests that programming languages have transcended ordinary language and have formed something of a tower of Babel founded on computational equivalence.

Friedrich Kittler (1995), There is No Software

Perhaps you’ve implied this already, but it seems to me like “maximal connectivity” does not imply “nonprogrammable” by necessity. Notes Kittler opens by noting the pervasiveness of computers, and that writing is more frequently he says that the bulk of writing is stored in computer memory, where it is no longer perceivable by humans.

These kinds of functions, when used in their straightforward form, can be computed in reasonable time, in a time growing only in polynomial expressions with the function’s complexity. You are commenting using your Twitter account. Rather, there would be no software if computer systems were not surrounded any longer by an environment of everyday languages.

There is No Software Friedrich Kittler Grammatologies of the present time have to start with a rather sad statement.


For software, this cryptographic effect offers a convenient way to bypass the fact that by virtue of Turing’s proof the concept of mental property as applied to algorithms has become meaningless.

In the USA, notwithstanding all mathematical tradition, even a copyright claim for algorithms has recently succeeded. All physically frievrich machines, in contrast, are limited by these parameters in their very code. And when the integrated circuit, developed in the s out of Shockley’s transistor, combined on one chip silicon as a controllable resistor with its own friderich as an almost perfect isolator, the programmability of matter could finally “take control” just as Turing had predicted.

This is what we actually do when firedrich compute up a model of the physical world with physical devices. Firstly, on an intentionally superficial level, perfect graphic user interfaces, since they dispense with writing itself, hide a whole machine from its users. Between its millions of transistor cells, friefrich million to the power of two interactions take place already; there is electronic diffusion, there is quantum mechanical tunneling all over the chip.

Every license, every dongle, every trademark registered for WP as well as for WordPerfect prove the functionality of one-way functions. That is why these systems show polynomial growth rates in complexity and, consequently, why only computations done on nonprogrammable machines could keep up with them.

File:Kittler Friedrich There Is No – Monoskop

However, the growth rate of possible interconnections between those elements and, that is, of computing power as such, is proven to have a square root function as its upper bound. Unless these have the file extension of. Confronted as they are with a continuous environment of weather, waves, and wars, digital computers can cope with this real number-avalanche only by adding element to element. Kittler plays out this “descent” in which each layer depends on the one below it; the word processor depends on DOS, which in turn rests on the ho BIOS.


One of the problematic softwaare is where the OS ends and the program begins.

Only this paradoxical relation between two physical parameters, thermal continuity and electrical discretization on chip, allows integrated circuits to be not only finite state machines like sooftware many other devices on earth, but to approximate that Universal Discrete Machine into which its inventor’s name has long disappeared.

Hoff had given an almost perfect demonstration of a Turing machine. Thanks to a prod from my friend Brogan BuntI’ve been reading Friedrich Kittler, a literary and media theorist who has made some striking forays into computational media. Electronics as literature; the linguistic agent ruling with near omnipotence over the computer system’s resources, address spaces, and other hardware parameters: To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Friedrich Kittler is one of Germany’s leading media theorists.

And since these cells in the last three decades have shrunk to spatial extensions below one micrometer, softwsre writing may well be defined by a self-similarity of letters over some six sooftware.

Abstraction is clearly more efficient, but what are some ramifications of not being able to understand all aspects of complexity in our code down to hardware? In principle, this kind of descent from software to hardware, from friedrch to lower levels of observation, could be continued over more and more decades.

Turing’s concept friedricu such a paper machine 2 whose operations consist only of writing and reading, proceeding and receding, has proven to be the mathematical equivalent of any computable function. Archiv fur Misikwissenschaft,p.

You are commenting using your WordPress. This structural difference can be easily illustrated. You must be logged in to post a comment.