With this influential study, French historian Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges initiated a new approach to Greek and Roman city organization. Fustel de. The ancient city: a study on the religion, laws and institutions of by Fustel de Coulanges, Topics Cities and towns, Ancient. Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges: Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, French Apart from La Cité antique (; “The Ancient City”), a study of the part played.

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At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The same system of worship was set up for these as existed for the family religion. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. In return these ancestors protected the family and stood by the family through thick and thin. Human belief does not change with ease.

The Ancient City: A Study of the Religion, Laws, and Institutions of Greece and Rome

This process was long and may have been bloody. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Internet URLs are the best.

It was the author’s original intention to complete this work in four volumes, but as the first volume was keenly attacked in Germany as well as in France, Fustel was forced in self-defence to recast the book entirely. From to he was professor of history at the faculty of letters at Strasbourgwhere he had a brilliant career as a teacher, but never yielded to the influence exercised by the German universities in the field of classical and Germanic antiquities. A family which no longer existed, meant that the ancestors had no one to care for them.

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Man may, indeed, subdue nature, but he is subdued by his own thoughts. From to he was professor of history at the faculty of letters at the University of Strasbourgwhere he had a brilliant career as a teacher.


The book was so consistent throughout, so full of ingenious ideas, and written in so striking a style, that it ranks as one of the masterpieces of the French language in the 19th century. These were called clientes. Pearl Harbor attack, December 7,surprise aerial attack on the U.

This religion he insists is the oldest on earth. And the Greek historian Polybius, writing in the 2nd century bceobserved elements of civil religion in his study of the Roman constitution. If it tells us to obey, we obey; if it traces duties for us, we submit. A belief is the work of our mind, but we are not on that account free to modify it at will.

Newer Post Older Post Home. Woman has a part but she must be removed from her house of birth to that of her husband. It is the effect of our power, and it is stronger than we are.

Family religion existed first. Much the same revolution was experienced by all the cities of the Mediterranean, except one- Rome. His insistence on the use of contemporary documents led to the very full use of the French national archives in the 19th century. These changes came about because tension between aristocrats who wanted to maintain the old religion and those who favored democracy made religion of the city less important.

It raised his thoughts from the visible to the invisible, from the transitory to the eternal, from the human to the divine. His minute knowledge of the language of the Greek and Roman institutions, coupled with his low estimate of the conclusions of contemporary scholars, led him to go directly to the original texts, which he read without political or religious bias.

The Romans hte and large supported the aristocrats. Homage was paid to coulages every day. Fustel, however, was no paleographer, and his fondness for manuscript sources was occasionally responsible for major errors of judgment. Wise words for those impatient and eager. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the…. It is passed to eldest son.


Morals and modes of behavior were derived from this ancient religion. Prayer books also existed for tribes and cities. Sunday, December 1, However, these could not own property for only male heads could do so.

Views Read Edit View history. She absorbed the religion of the conquered city too. Thus, in six volumes, he had carried the work no farther than the Carolingian period.

The Ancient City

When, however, he had succeeded in extracting from the sources a general idea that seemed to him clear and simple, he attached himself to it as if to the truth itself. There was a doulanges with your submission. The scholarship which supports this and the insights from scraps and bits of ancient literature used to put this work together are of the highest order. Fustel wrote before any serious excavations at Pompeii.

The Ancient City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. His basic contention is that an ancient religion developed by an Indo-European people worshiped dead ancestors. The dissertations not embodied in his work were collected by himself and after fushel death by his pupil, Camille Jullian coulnges, and published as volumes of miscellanies: Thus each family had its own religion, completely distinct from the religion of any other family and groups of families had a common religion based on the religion of powers in nature.

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. She thus becomes part of that family and ancinet longer as far as religion is concerned has anything to do with her birth family. He re-examined all the texts and wrote a number of dissertations, which were dominated by his general idea and characterized by a total disregard for the results of such historical disciplines as diplomatic.