An umbilical hernia is a protrusion, bulge, or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the body wall such as the abdominal wall. When the hole around your baby’s umbilical cord doesn’t close right, it can turn into an umbilical hernia. Most kids are fine without treatment. A hernia is a protrusion, bulge, or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the body wall that normally contains it. Abdominal wall.

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Because these hernias have a high risk of incarceration, surgery is recommended in all patients. An acquired umbilical hernia directly results from increased intra-abdominal pressure caused by umbiliclisheavy liftinga long history of coughingor multiple pregnancies.

Among adults, it is three times more common in women than in men; among children, the ratio is roughly equal. Safety and effectiveness of umbilical hernia repair in patients with cirrhosis.

Umbilical hernia

Peritonitis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum. In some communities mothers routinely push the small bulge back in and tape a coin over the palpable hernia hole until closure occurs.

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The latter is of a stronger hold and is commonly used for larger defects in the abdominal wall. This leaves a weak spot in the surrounding muscle wall abdominal wall. During the time between fifth and tenth weeks of gestation, the intestinal tract undergoes rapid growth with protrusion of the abdominal content outside the abdominal cavity, usually within the proximal portion of the umbilical cord.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res. Abdominal angina Mesenteric ischemia Angiodysplasia Bowel obstruction: Redefinition of ‘Normal’ and Reevaluation of Indications for Repair”. Management of asymptomatic pediatric umbilical hernias: Spontaneous rupture of umbilical hernias in patients with ascites can result in peritonitis umbiliclis death.


You’ll usually be advised to wait for your child to reach this age because the operation isn’t essential unless there are complications. When the defect is small and spontaneous, closure is likely, and most surgeons will delay surgical correction until five years of age. An umbilical hernia can develop when fatty tissue or a part of the bowel pokes through into an area near the navel. Some surgeons also recommend elective repair when there is a need for general anesthesia during concurrent minor otolaryngologic, orthopedic, or other procedures.

Pearls and Other Issues For most patients, the prognosis is excellent. It may bleed on touch, or may stain the clothes that come in contact with it.

Illustrated Textbook of Paediatrics 3rd ed. The cause of a true umbilical hernia congenital type is a failed closure of hernoa umbilical ring during gestation that ultimately results in a central defect in the linea alba. Surgery is recommended for most adults with an umbilical hernia because the hernia is unlikely to get better by itself when you’re older and the risk of complications is herniw.

Many hernias never cause any problems, and do not require any treatment at all.

Hernia Umbilicalis Mesh versus Primary suture

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Umbilical hernia. This defect is prevalent in infants and young children. After local anesthesia, a small curvilinear incision is made into the skin crease of the umbilicus, and the sac is dissected free from the overlying skin herniq well the fascial defect to ensure not abdominal content are present prior repair of the fascial defects.

In many cases, the umbilical hernia goes back in and the muscles reseal before the child’s first birthday. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These hegnia are enclosed by the outer layer of amnion.

Coste ; Steve S. Infobox medical condition All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November Articles with unsourced statements from February Commons category link is on Wikidata.


Usually the situation resolves itself, when the protrusion of content is returned back to the abdominal cavity. Mechanical properties of the abdominal wall and biomaterials utilized for hernia repair.

This is followed by a gradual re-entry of the abdominal cavity and then the ultimate narrowing of the umbilical ring which completes the process of abdominal wall formation as fetal development concludes. This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4. Most surgeons will not repair the hernia until 5—6 years after the baby umbilidalis born. Parents or physicians typically note them shortly after birth. Once the healing is done, the patient should be encouraged to join a physical therapy program and lose weight.

Ultrasound showing an incarcerated umbilical hernia [9]. To access free multiple choice questions on this topic, click here. Umbilical hernias can also develop in adults. Umbilical hernias in adults are usually acquired and are more common in women or patients with increased intra-abdominal pressure as in pregnancy, obesity, ascites, or chronic abdominal distention.

ISRCTN – ISRCTN Hernia Umbilicalis Mesh versus Primary suture

The bulge can often be pressed back through the hole in the abdominal wall, and may “pop out” when coughing or otherwise acting to increase intra-abdominal pressure. The causes of umbilical hernia are congenital and acquired malformation, but an apparent third cause is really a cause of a different type, a paraumbilical hernia. For most patients, the prognosis is excellent.

An umbilical hernia is a health condition where the abdominal wall behind the navel is damaged. Defects greater than 3 cm are closed using prosthetic mesh. For example, failure of the cephalic fold to close will usually result in sternal defects i.