Download Citation on ResearchGate | DIALEKTIKA PENDIDIKAN ETIKA DALAM ISLAM (Analisis Pemikiran Ibnu Maskawaih) | p> Bahasa. View the profiles of people named Ibnu Maskawaih. Join Facebook to connect with Ibnu Maskawaih and others you may know. Facebook gives people the. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qub, surnamed Miskawaih, is also called Abu ‘Ali al-Khazin. It is yet undecided whether he was himself Miskawaih or the son of.

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Then comes the celestial soul inferior to maskaqaih it needs motion as expression of desire for ibbnu in imitation of intelligence. Miskawayh himself worked as a librarian for the libraries of a number of the viziers ministers of the Buwayhids during the Abbasid rule. The figure intended here was IbnMaskawaih with descriptive method, which is a research procedure that produces the descriptive data in the form ibn written or oral words of the people and behave that can be observed directed at the background of individuals holistically that occurred in the past.

He may even stretch out his hand to other people’s possessions, or may transmit stories which he hears, and may be overinquisitive. History, thus, is no longer a collection of static and isolated facts, but a dynamic process of creative human hopes and aspirations.

The Encyclopaedia of Islam. If play here is necessary for relaxing from the exertion of training, physical exercise is important to the body, since the boy must be accustomed to walk, to move, and to ride, so that he does not become lazy; this because the various kinds of exercise dispel dullness and awaken energy and purify the soul [48].

Luzac, London,also Ibbnu. Despite this, and as it is now known that Miskawayh borrowed from and clearly defined his Greek source, then it may perhaps be said that the source of both was the same, except that it is the Greek heritage translated into Arabic in a variety of versions.


Dar Al-Kutub Anwar, S. This was like an obligatory introduction to every philosophical study. There are two kinds of life: The preoccupation which arises from persistence in ugly deeds [31]. This emphasizes the multiple facets of his culture, making him a mirror for his age; for he is distinguished by the many sources of his culture and the encyclopedic nature of his writings [8]. These operated somewhat like public libraries, well provided for the needs of the general readers and specialists.

Scenes of teaching and learning in Islamic history Masoawaih. This is the date-palm. So he did not consider preparation for earthly life, from the angle of work and acquiring a livelihood, to be among mqskawaih aims of the upbringing and training of young boys. He even felt it necessary to reform himself morally before writing his Tahdhib al-Akhlaq. Miskawayh mentions supreme happiness in the third maqala of Tahdhib al-akhlaqand gives a detailed account of it in order to attract the attention of one who does not know it, so that he will seek it and will be seized by the desire to reach it [13].


The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh

So in this context, IbnMiskwaih communicated various thoughts as a solution approach. This will be by craft and educational organization, and the way here is that we should firstly know our own souls, what they are, and what kind of thing they are, and for what reason they were created within us – I mean, their perfection and their aim – and what are their faculties and abilities, which, if we use them as is needful, will bring us to this high rank; and what are the things holding us back from it, and what will purify them so they prosper, and what will come upon them so that they fail [16].

She has also published papers in a number of adult education periodicals, with particular reference to illiteracy among village women. Miskawayh was a prominent figure in the intellectual and cultural life of his time. So he borrowed from him, and thus in the second maqala of Tahdhib al-akhlaq there is the following heading: Miskawayh was attracted to Greek philosophy, the books of which were available in a variety of Arabic translations because there were so many translators.

Food has its manners which must be watched over, and here Miskawayh advises the boy not to hurry over it, and to chew it very well; not to let his glance dwell for long on the food and the people eating, and where they put their hands, and not to stain his hands or clothing. By the first kind of motion, the soul comes near to intelligence which is the first creation of God; by the second it descends and comes out of itself. This being so, it is easy to refer the idea back to its original source, since Aristotle presented it in his book the Nicomachean Ethics [14].

Miskawaih – Wikipedia

Iqbal, on the other hand, regarded him as one of the most eminent theistic thinkers, moralists, and historians of Persia. Ibn al-Nadim Abu l-Faraj Muhammad b. Seventhly, maintain mental health. A striking passage in this part is about two kinds of love: This motion is of two kinds: In this maqala, Miskawayh does not distinguish between evil and illness; and the psychological evils or illnesses he lists are: He himself speaks of his moral transformation in his Tahdhib al-Akhlaq9 which shows that he ivnu a good deal ibnuu what he wrote on ethics.


Hence, they are not all in one single rank as regards acceptance of virtuous morality; and if they differ, then this difference and disparity between them, which is beyond reckoning, merits the greatest concern with training and habituation of young men to approved actions.

It consists of maskawwih evolutionary stages: Our republishing of the article relies on the authorisation embedded by the publisher according to which the document may be reproduced free of charge as long as acknowledgement is made of the source.

He treats the subject in al-Fauz al-Asghar maskaawih Tahdhib al-Akhlaq.

Chapter 24: Miskawaih

They will also be favoured in this world, with a pleasant life, and a fine reputation. This has to be repeated in the boy’s ears many times, so that he may be brought up, or grow up, in this way. We find this treatise attributed to Aristotle nowhere else.

Stationers’ shops also appeared, for selling books or renting them out to readers; and there was increased competition among the caliphs, viziers, learned men, and others, to acquire books and to establish their own private libraries in their castles, and to gather people together for learned discussions on the content of these books, in what might resemble seminars or study circles today.

By reference to his words about the necessity of linking learning with action, the action meant here seems to be human conduct in general, and not productive work from the economic angle as we understand it today.

The first leads to its salvation, the second to its perdition. For what is particularly noticeable in everything Miskawayh said previously is that he spoke only about training young boys, to the exclusion of girls, and he did not direct any obvious care towards them nor to women in general.

The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh | Muslim Heritage

The foregoing clarifies, to a great extent, how Miskawayh remained one of the Muslim thinkers most devoted to Greek philosophy. As a Neoplatonisthis influence on Islamic philosophy is primarily in the area of ethics.

He is a moralist in the full sense of the word. Therefore, the soul comes nearer to God by the first motion, and goes farther by the second.

It seems that he depends entirely on the commentary of Porphyry on Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethicswhich was translated into Arabic by Ishaq ibn Hunain, in twelve books. But as a true religious man he gives preference to the next world. He enumerates the most important diseases – anger, vanity, contentiousness, treason, cowardice, vainglory, fear.

The last part was edited by H.