In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate. Buddha was taken ill at Pava and died at Kusinara, whereas lord Mahavira took his Nirvana at Pavapuri.

Pargiter believed that it was in the vicinity of Banda, Uttar Pradesh. In Pali literature, the Matsyas are usually associated with the Surasenas. All these factors helped Magadha to emerge as the most prosperous state of that period.

State and Government in Ancient India.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

Shah, the Gandhara and Kamboja were nothing but two provinces of one empire and were located coterminously, hence influencing each other’s language. Both Mahishmati and Ujjaini stood on the southern high janaoadas called Dakshinapatha which extended from Rajagriha to Pratishthana modern Paithan. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 29 October Raghuvansha-Ikshvakuvansha was the longest continuous dynasty; Lord Rama was a king in this dynasty.

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Early modern period — Mughal Empire. Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In the Vedic samhitasthe term jana denotes a tribe, whose members believed in a shared ancestry.

Madrasian Culture Soanian Culture. In ancient literature, the Kamboja is variously associated with the GandharaDarada and jjanapadas Bahlika Bactria. Some historians have also theorized that there was a common assembly called the “Paura-Janapada”, but others such as Ram Sharan Sharma disagree with this theory. The defeated king might sometimes be asked to give a tribute to the victorious king.

Though a well known monarchical people in the earlier period, the Kurus are known to have switched to a republican form of government during the 6th to 5th centuries BCE. The Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against mahajanapacas Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. It had its capital at Madhura or Janapadaas.

Two of them were most probably ganatantras republics and others had forms of monarchy. From the Stone Age janapdaas the 12th Century. There is a Jataka reference to king Dhananjaya, introduced as a prince from the race of Yudhishtra.

Latin cognate pedis ; [1] [2] from its earliest attestation, the word has had a double meaning of “realm, territory” and “subject population” cf. University of Calcutta, pp.



Anga was annexed by Magadha in the time of Bimbisara. Sometimes, large forests, which were larger than the kingdoms themselves, formed their boundaries as was the case of Naimisha Forestthe NaimishaAranyam between Panchala and Kosala kingdoms.

The Jataka also gives another name Chandahara for Gandhara. Problems of Ancient India, pp. The earliest mention of the term “janapada” occurs in the Aitareya 8. Levi has identified Tambyzoi with Kamboja Indian Antiquary, p.

Part of a series on. The Mallas appeared to have formed an alliance with the Licchhavis for self-defense but lost their independence not long after Buddha’s death and their dominions were annexed to the Magadhan empire. The Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata mentions around janapadas, while the Ramayana mentions only a few of these.

Cyrus I is said to have destroyed the famous Kamboja city called Kapisi modern Begram in Paropamisade. The Coinage of Ancient India.

Literary history of ancient India in relation to its racial and linguistic affiliations, pp. The Kamboja Mahajanapada of the Buddhist traditions refers to this cis-Hindukush branch of ancient Kambojas.